The most important point for the Netherlands in this agreement is the willingness of the British to help the Dutch with military power and Indonesian territory, “cleansed” by the armed forces supporting the Republic of Indonesia and subject to the Dutch Civil Administration (NICA). The troops of the Anglo-Indian divisions were the 5th Division under Gen. Robert C. Mansergh for East Java, the 23rd Division under Major General Douglas Cyril Hawthorn for West and Central Java, while the 26th Division under Major General H.M. Chambers for Sumatra. This is how the British came to Indonesia to carry out the Potsdam mandate. The British army assigned to Indonesia was known as AFNEI (Allied Forces for Netherlads East Indies) and consisted of Anglo-Indian military units (also called Gurkha soldiers). In detail, the tasks of seac were entrusted, among others, to AFNEI: after the capitulation of Japan on August 15, 1945, it had to abandon its occupied territories. This meant that the colonies originally conquered by the Westerners of the Allied bloc had to be returned. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. As far as Indonesia is concerned, the Dutch have been preparing since April 1944 for the renewal of Indonesia. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have held negotiations in London and Kandy.
The negotiations resulted in what came to be known as the Civil Business Agreement. In the second phase, as soon as things return to normal, NICA officials will take responsibility for the British representing the Allies. The agreement was not adopted until 24 August 1945 in London. With Japan capitulating on August 15, the Dutch quickly urged the British to ratify the agreement immediately. However, in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement concluded a month earlier, the provisions have been extended in their content. Quoted by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Japan unconditionally surrendered to the Allies during World War II on August 15, 1945. The Civil Affairs Agreement is an agreement between the British Government and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This agreement provides for both sides to cooperate to clean all Indonesian armed forces from Indonesian soil until they are clean, as the entire Indonesian territory will then be handed over to the Netherlands via NICA. 3. The entire Indonesian territory must be liberated from the force of the Indonesian armed forces and handed over to the Dutch by NICA Britain is not only responsible for the reoccupation of Sumatra, but of all of Indonesia, so that it covers areas once protected under the Pacific Southwest Command (SWPAC). But in practice, the British were freed from the responsibility of reoccupying areas outside Java and Sumatra because outside the two islands, the Australian army took care of them.
The number of Japanese soldiers who had to be disarmed and imprisoned in Sumatra, Java, Nusa Tenggara, Kalimantan, Westpapua, etc. reached more than 300,000 people. Once they have moved, they will be sent back to Japan. In addition, there are still about 100,000 Allied prisoners and internees who are to be released from Japanese prison and who are also returned to their respective countries. Civil Affairs Agreement or Civil Affairs Agreement is an agreement that has become the main determinant of the Indonesian revolutionary movement. This agreement essentially mandated the Dutch army, which was in Indonesia, to clean up all remaining Indonesian armed forces and then be handed over to the Dutch. . . .